Nearsightedness (myopia) is the most common refractive eye disorder. According to scientists' estimates, up to 30% of Europeans suffer from nearsightedness, and in Asia, it affects up to 60% of the population. This defect most often develops before the age of 20. In terms of anatomy, with nearsightedness, the eyeball is elongated, causing an improper bending of the light rays entering the eye and focusing of the rays in front of the retina instead of on it.
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This is a basic exercise that works excellently for nearsightedness defects. Even people with normal vision should use this exercise as often as possible to maintain or even improve their vision beyond 20/20.
This exercise aims to relax the oblique eye muscles, which are used to change the optical length of the eye, essentially responsible for accurate and sharp vision.
This exercise allows you to practice alternating between near and far vision, which improves eye accommodation and spatial vision.
This exercise helps to assess your own range of good vision (near and far points) and serves to expand it.
This exercise involves "tricking your eyes" while the text (a chart or book) is placed very close to your eyes (0-9 cm). As you bring the chart closer, the print begins to blur, which is due to the lack of accommodation at such a close distance. For a nearsighted person, the image momentarily focuses on the retina or even beyond it (paradoxical farsightedness). As a result, our brain sends a signal to our eyes that further straining of the oblique muscles is pointless. This signal will result in the relaxation of the so-called "softening of vision" muscles, and that's what we're aiming for. At the same time, moving the book like a trombone allows for the expansion of the field of view, thanks to the smooth change in accommodation.
This exercise allows you to practice changing your eye accommodation, thus strengthening your visual acuity.