Contrary to popular belief, the area of an image seen clearly with normal vision is exceptionally small. Research shows that from a distance of twenty feet, only a surface with a diameter of 1.2 cm can be seen with full clarity. This means that to see a 5 cm letter sharply from that distance, a healthy eye must perform several micro-movements, creating multiple images that the brain will combine into one sharp image of the letter. An eye with a vision defect tries to see a significant portion of its field of view at the same time, in an equally good way, by staring at it, thus causing tension and refraction errors.
Sharp vision of only a fragment of the image is due to the fact that the retina of the eye has a point of maximum sensitivity, and every other part of it is proportionally less sensitive as it is farther from that point. In the center of the retina, there is a small circular elevation called the macula lutea, or yellow spot. In the center of this spot is the fovea, a so-called dimly-colored pit. In the middle of this depression, there are no rods, and the cone cells are elongated and very closely compressed.
When learning to see an object well, it is generally most useful to think of the point not observed directly as a place seen less clearly. Only then can part of the object be seen well when the mind agrees to see most of that object unclearly. As the degree of relaxation increases, the surface of the less clearly seen part of the image expands until the best seen part becomes just a point.
All vision-relaxing exercises lead to the recovery of normal central fixation strength. It can also be regained through conscious practice, and sometimes this is the fastest and easiest way to cure vision. Super sharp vision relies on super precise focusing, or sharpening the light rays exactly at the center of the yellow spot surface. Of course, looking this way, we see a very small area, but involuntary, rapid eye movements (up to 70 times per second) allow the mind to construct an image of any large surface.
For this exercise, you will need a "dotted letter" chart. The advantage of this exercise is that the letters are drawn in dots, allowing you to improve your reading skills dot by dot, thus strengthening central fixation.
This exercise requires a domino chart.
The desire to see and notice something we care about causes both psychological tension and tension in the visual system, which significantly impairs the vision process. An analogy can be seen to the process of remembering facts or events. As long as we strain our minds and make an effort to remember something, our efforts are fruitless. However, when the effort of our minds is dispersed and we don't strain ourselves, we suddenly recall the seemingly impossible thing after such "letting go".
The same is true for vision.
Techniques designed to convince exercisers of the apparent motion of external world objects, as well as the sensation of the eye's immobility, were named by Dr. Bates as "swaying". They help to understand the essence of movement, which increases the relaxation of the body and eyes. In this way, we allow our psyche to breathe and relax the mind, allowing the eyes to look but not see.
Choose two objects in your field of vision, preferably not too large (e.g. a window frame and a distant tree or a fragment of a building). It is important that one object is close and the other is far away.
Pencil swaying is a variation of short swaying and can be practiced in small spaces, e.g. in a sitting position. In this swaying, the close object can be, for example, a pencil or a finger.
The "flash" is a method of learning and using unconscious vision and increasing eye mobility. Recognition and analytical work of the mind during this exercise is significantly limited and turned off, while the visual organ is more aware than the recognizing mind. With acquired vision impairment, a short and quick glance, with rapid and free blinking, in a state of dynamic relaxation of vision without engaging the recognizing mind, allows you to recognize and reproduce objects that are not normally seen.
Without movement, there is no vision. A state of immobility of the eye muscles and the visual organ results in a "staring" gaze, blurred and cloudy vision, and an inability to see correctly. The process of proper vision consists of minimal and continuous eye movements. People with normal vision, when carefully observing an object, keep their eyes in a position where they move continuously, minimally, and unconsciously from one point of the object to another.
The analytical looking exercise described here aims to teach you such minimal and continuous eye movements. At first, these will be conscious actions, but over time, your vision will learn to do this automatically and unconsciously.
Imagination work can have an extraordinary impact on our mind and body. Each visualization technique involves the work of the visual system, including changing the accommodation of the eyes. These techniques will not only help us increase eye relaxation but also strengthen the power and sharpness of our vision. These exercises are best done during palming when our eyes are in the process of dynamic relaxation.
Below are several examples of visualizations that you can use or create your own based on them.
On several decks, you see chatting passengers, running children, and tables set up in the bar. Some are looking at the land, while others walk around the decks. The huge ship slowly moves away from the shore. As it moves away, you see fewer details on the decks. Windows and people's figures become smaller. More space is occupied by the sea around the ship. The sun is shining. The ship gradually moves further away, becoming smaller, and fewer details are visible. Finally, the ship is so far away that it becomes a tiny speck on the horizon.
Several runners are lining up for the race, and you will be observing them at the start/finish line. Try to look closely at them and see as many details as possible in their outfits and behavior. Now imagine that the race begins, and you watch as the runners run farther away, moving away from you and moving along the track in an ellipse. You see fewer and fewer details as the runners get further away, until they become just tiny dots in the farthest place from you.
This exercise allows us to experience how strong and continuous muscle movements are during the visualization cycle of an object's movements. Although the eyes are closed and "do not see," all the muscles responsible for refraction and accommodation work and work properly, in a state of dynamic relaxation.
Excellent results come from drawing different shapes (preferably mandalas) with your nose in your imagination. These can be shapes like a treble clef, infinity sign, or spiral. You can also use the shapes of letters, words, or your own signature. During the exercise, you can make gentle head movements, trying to imagine your nose as if it were a large pen with which you draw the chosen shapes.
Although this exercise may seem funny and childish, it is, contrary to appearances, extremely effective in the method of vision re-education.